Collingham’s Roman Heritage

Trent Vale has a rich Roman heritage.

Within Trent Vale there are a number of Roman towns. 

Segelocum lay across the Tillbridge Lane, the Roman road from Lincoln to Doncaster, and commanded the point where it crossed the Trent.  Another town, Crococolana, at Brough, is on the Fosse Way, as is the substantial Roman settlement at Newark, Cromwell and Collingham.

Roads were primarily built by the Roman military for ease of troop movement. They also served as communication lines and facilitated trade and the transportation of goods. Many roads in use today were originally Roman routeways. The A46 through Nottinghamshire follows the path of the Fosse Way, a Roman road running from Lincoln to Exeter. This remarkable road ran for 182 miles and never deviates more than 6 miles from a straight line.

Brough, which lies approximately 2km to the South, was the Roman town of Crococalana. This is a Roman station on the Fosse Way. There have been some excavations here and it believed that about forty acres was inhabited so the town was more important than an outpost. There is also evidence of Iron Age and Saxon occupation so this site has a long history of habitation.

At the point where this walk meets the A46, across the road approximately 500m to the West is the site of a Roman villa. Villas were country estates which were the homes of the upper classes. They also functioned as farms and many had smaller farmsteads fall within their territory and control. They are found throughout the countryside but are often not too far from major roadways.